[2017, Floor van der Hout] This thesis contributes to the debate around the political power of indigeneity in relation to the workings of discourse and power within state governmentality in which cultural difference has become politicized. In Latin America discourses of indigeneity were typically articulated by ethnic minorities to challenge power inequalities. Interestingly, in Bolivia the discourse is transformed and coopted by the MAS-government to construct a state ideology for the majority. I argue that the cooptation of this typical counter-hegemonic discourse has led to competing discourses of indigeneity, which result in contradictions and conflicts at the local level. I illustrate my argument with ethnographic data I gathered in two communities in the TIPNIS territory. I demonstrate how in a conflict between the government and indigenous peoples about the construction of a road, different discourses of indigeneity are articulated along three fault lines: between colonizers and natural indigenous inhabitants of the territory, between the indigenous villagers in the communities and indigenous leaders in the city, and between the pro-government and anti-government leaders and villagers.
Autora: Floor van der Hout
Palabras clave: INDIGENEIDAD, ARTICULACIÓN, GOBERNABILIDAD, MOVIMIENTOS INDÍGENAS, BOLIVIA, TIPNIS, INGLÉS